Knee Arthroscopy: Conditions Treated
Arthroscopy is used to find and treat many types of knee problems. These
include tears in the meniscal cartilage or anterior cruciate ligament
(ACL), and arthritis.
Meniscal Cartilage Tears
There are several types of meniscal cartilage tears. Your surgery will
depend on the type and extent of your injury. Your surgeon can remove
the damaged tissue or fix the tear. Treatment should ease the pain and
swelling. It can also help keep the joint from locking.
A torn ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) can make the knee unstable. You
may have pain and swelling, and your knee may give out. Your surgeon can
repair the ACL with stitches or rebuild it. To rebuild your ACL, damaged
tissue may be replaced with a graft of healthy tissue from an area near
your knee, or from a donor.
Constant use of the knee over time can cause
arthritis. This is when the articular cartilage wears away and roughens. Bone or
cartilage fragments can also break off inside the joint
(loose bodies). Either problem can limit movement and cause pain. Your surgeon will use
a burr or shaver to smooth the joint surface. This will aid in healing.
Loose bodies will also be removed.